Personal interests, case I ACr 1013/95

February 21st, 2005, Tomasz Rychlicki

The Appellate Court in Warsaw in its judgment of 19 December 1999 case file I ACr 1013/95 held that the reputation of the company is understood as a general positive perception and evaluation of products of such a company that is expressed by the consumers. It may be treated as personal interest/rights of a legal person to which it apply mutatis mutandis, by Articles 23 and 24 f the Civil Code – CC – (in Polish: Kodeks Cywilny) of 23 April 1964, published in Journal of Laws (Dziennik Ustaw) No. 16, item 93, with subsequent amendments.

Article 23
The personal interests of a human being, in particular to health, dignity, freedom, freedom of conscience, surname or pseudonym, image, secrecy of correspondence, inviolability of home, and scientific, artistic, inventor’s and rationalizing achievements, shall be protected by civil law independent of protection envisaged in other provisions.

Article 24
§ 1 The person whose personal interests are threatened by someone else’s action, may require the desist of that action, unless it is not illegal. In the event of the infringement one may also require, the person who committed the violation, to fulfill the actions necessary to remove its effects, in particular, to make a statement of the relevant content and appropriate format. According to the conditions laid down in the Code one may also require monetary compensation or payment of an appropriate amount of money for a social purpose indicated.
§ 2 If as the result of a breach of personal interests one has suffered pecuniary prejudice, the aggrieved person may claim compensation based on general principles.
§ 3 The above shall not prejudice the entitlements provided by other regulations, in particular in copyright law and the patent (invention) law.

These non-economic/non-commercial values by which a legal person may operate on the market in accordance with the scope of its business, are also deemed as its personal rights or interests.