Patent law, case file II GSK 85/11

November 22nd, 2010, Tomasz Rychlicki

The Voivodeship Administrative Court in Warsaw in its judgment of 30 June 2010 case file VI SA/Wa 595/10 held that the terms “solution of a technical nature” or “technology” are not defined in the European Patent Convention. Thus, the development of these concepts depends on the practice of the EPO. There is no doubt that in practice, the EPO is using much more liberal criteria for assessing the patentability of computer-implemented inventions than in the initial period of application of the EPC. However, this position was not accepted by all parties to the Convention. In addition, the Enlarged Board of Appeal on 12 May 2010, refused to resolve the problem presented by the President of the EPO, on the interpretation of the exclusion of computer programs “as such” in the context of the criteria for patentability of inventions relating to computer programs, leaving the question to practice. It can be concluded that the practice of liberalization of evaluation criteria for patentability of computer-implemented inventions was not accepted by all experts of the EPO. There are cases of the EPO that were based on the same provisions of the Convention but came with divergent decisions, as well as cases in which almost identical provisions of the Convention and national laws are interpreted, respectively, by the EPO or national bodies in different ways. This case concerned the International Patent Application PCT/EP99/08958 “Record carrier, apparatus and method for playing back a record carrier, method of manufacturing a record carrier”.

The Supreme Administrative Court in its judgment of 19 March 2012 case file II GSK 85/11 reversed the contested judgment and the decision of the PPO. The Court held that the decree of the President of the Polish Patent Office on the patentability of inventions has an internal character, and it can not be the basis of the justification of the decision.